City of Pasadena
Home   |    Search   |    Help   |    Contact Us   |    Acknowledgements    |    Admin   |   
Resource Summary
DPR523B - Bldg, Struct & Object [print]
State of California - The Resource Agency
Primary #:  
HRI #:  
*NRHP Status Code: 1S 
*Resource Name or #:   Survey Title:  
Historic Name: BOWEN COURT 
Common Name: Garden Village 
Original Use: Multi Family Property 
B4.  Present Use:  
Primary Architectural Style: Craftsman Bungalow 
Secondary Architectural Style:  
Construction History: Date Built: 1911 
In 2008, 10 units were recommended for roof repair: units 14, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22 and 32 - 36.
Moved?: Yes No  Unknown Date:    Original Location:   
Related Features:
Architect: Heineman & Heineman 
b. Builder:  
Significance: Theme:   Area:  
Period of Significance:   Property Type:  
Applicable Criteria:
National Register Criteria: California Register: Local Register:  
Context:   Other:  
Bowen Court, the oldest bungalow court in Pasadena and one of the largest courts in Southern California, is a noteworthy example of this building tradition. Further, it was designed by Arthur and Alfred Heineman, who were among the first designers of bungalow courts, and is one of the few courts dating from the time when this building concept developed. Indigenous to Southern California, bungalow courts are a vernacular low-rise high density dwelling type. The bungalow court originated about 1908 in an attempt to provide addition housing for the area’s rapidly increasing population. The courts, offering such amenities as private gardens and courtyards, provided an important alternative to the typical suburban development without sacrificing the amenities of open space and privacy usually associated with the single family house. As evidenced by this article appearing in The Western Architect, careful planning and definite design standards were followed in the construction of bungalow courts:
“The central road should be like any first-class park footpath, with side paths leading to the bungalows. On a lot 112 feet wide there is room enough for a delivery walk at the rears of the bungalows, on both sides nest to the enclosing fence. Not a road; all deliveries must be made through entrances from the street”

As is the case in most bungalow courts, the most significant element of Bowen Court is the courtyard design itself. The courtyard facilitates a feeling of community among the residents; a feeling which is strengthened by the exclusion of the automobile from the center of the court. Built in the craftsman tradition, the court makes extensive use of wood and stone. As the craftsman ideology stressed an integration of building and nature, stone bases and large porches are used to create an illusionary tie between building and nature and to further blur the distinction between interior and exterior space.

Responsible for the design of Bowen Court was the prestigious architectural firm, A. S. Heineman. Arthur and Alfred Heineman, architect and draftsman respectively, began the firm in 1909. In their 25-year partnership they produced over 1,000 designs for both residential and commercial buildings and were particularly known for their bungalow designs. In addition to being among the first designers of the bungalow court, the Heineman brothers were responsible for the concept and first design of the motel.
Additional Resource Attributes: HP03 
Anderson, Timoth J., Eudorah M. Moore and Robert Winter. , CAlifornia Design 1910. Salt lake City: Peregrine Smith, Inc. 1980

Gebhard, David and Robert Winter, A Guide to Architecture in Los Angeles and Souther California. Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith, Inc., 1977  
Date of Evaluation: